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英语倒装结构解析

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  英语里面的结构有很多,今天小编哥i大家介绍的是倒装结构,接下来,小编给大家准备了英语倒装结构解析,欢迎大家参考与借鉴。

  英语倒装结构解析

  完全倒装:

  1.形式:谓语动词全部移到主语前(主语是代词时例外)难点:语序

  例:主语为名词:Here comes the bus.状 + 谓 + 主

  主语为代词:Here you are. 状 + 主 + 谓

  2.使用:

  ①方位副词(here,there)和时间副词(now,then)置于句首时,其后用完全倒装。

  Then___ we had been looking forward to.

  A) the hour came B)came the hour C)did the hour D) the hour did come

  Look forward to doing:

  I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.

  Then 那时候(一般和过去时态连用)

  ②为了是描绘的生动,有些于介词同形的副词可移到句首,后面用完全倒装。

  如:in, out, up, down, off, away

  Away flew the mosquito.

  Up went the prices and ___.

  A) the living standard came down B) came down the living standard

  C) down the living standard came D) down came the living standard

  Living standard 生活水平

  Living conditions 生活状况

  Go up/down 价格上涨/下降

  ③有些句子没有宾语,而主语又比较长时,有时可以把时间、地点状语提前,后面用完全倒装。

  On a hill in front of them____.

  A)a great castle stood B)did a great castle stand

  C) stood a great castle D)a great castle stand

  A great castle 主语

  On a hill in front of them为地点状语提前,其后用完全倒装,1,4非倒装排除,2为部分倒装排除,选3。

  部分倒装:

  1.形式:只将谓语动词的一部分(如BE动词,助动词,或情态动词)放在主语前面,其余部分仍然在主语之后。

  2.使用:

  ①so, neither/nor 提到句首时后面用完全倒装的形式

  受够了: be fed up with/be tired of /be sick of

  容忍:put up with

  提出(计划,方案): come up with

  中断,分手:break up with

  I’m fed up with you .

  I can’t put up with you any longer.

  Now, I come up with a solution.

  I want to break up with you.

  I didn’t mean to hurt you. Neither do I.

  She never laughed, ___ lose her temper1.

  A. or she ever did

  B. nor did she ever

  C. or did she ever

  D. nor she ever did

  Lose one’s temper 发脾气

  Ever 从不,应该放在它修饰的动词前面

  看题目,前半句“她从不笑”是否定还是肯定?否定!

  所以其后也应选nor 在句首引起部分倒装,把助动词提前

  选B

  We don"t need air conditioning, ___.

  A. nor can we afford it

  B. and nor we can afford it

  C. neither can afford it

  D. and we can neither afford it

  Afford sth./to do sth.

  看选项均为否定,选有倒装的A),C)改为neither can we afford it

  I could not persuade him to accept it, ___ make him see the importance of it.A. if only I could not

  B. no more than I could

  C. or I could not

  D. nor could I

  Persuade sb. to do sth. 劝某人去做某事

  Persuade sb. into doing sth. 劝某人做了某事(已成功)

  See the importance of sth. 认识到……的重要性

  If only 要是……就好了(其后用虚拟)

  No more than 不超过

  No less than 不少于

  否定!选倒装D

  Wood does not conduct electricity, ____.

  A) so do rubber B) so does rubber C)nor does rubber D)nor rubber does

  conduct v.传导

  conductor 导体

  前半句为否定,后半句也应该选否定nor

  选C

  All animals need air and_____.

  A) so plants do B) so need plants C)so do plants D) plants are so

  看选项,有人选B吗?不对啊!

  Need 在这里是实义动词,因此应该把助动词提前,选C。

  ②在省略IF的条件从句中,should, had, could, were可以提到句首。

  Had he worked harder, he ___ the exams.

  A. must have got through

  B. could get through

  C. would get through

  D. would have got through

  Get through 通过/ he failed in the exam

  .看题目,前半句为倒装,还原为:

  If he had worked harder

  什么语气啊?虚拟!是对现在、过去还是将来的虚拟?过去!

  IF条件从句用had done, 主句用would(could,should,might)+have done

  选D

  ___ for my illness I would have lent him a helping2 hand.

  A. Not being

  B. Had it not been

  C. Without being

  D. Not having been

  Lend/give sb. a hand

  看题目,什么语气?虚拟!是对什么时候的虚拟?过去!

  主句为would have done 从句应为had done

  选哪个?B

  还原为:If it hadn’t been for…

  ③有些让步状语从句有时也有倒装的情况,如:as, though 在表达“尽管”的含义时,从句的一部分谓语,表语部分或被强调的部分或应提前置于句首。

  ___ as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention.

  A. Being published

  B. Published

  C. Publishing

  D. To be published

  看题目,考察的是什么语法点?非谓语动词,首先排除哪个?C

  A)正在印刷,D)将要印刷 都不对,所以选B

  题目说:“尽管在这么一个时间出版,他的作品仍然获得了广泛的关注》”

  正常语序是:As it was published at such a time

  谓语是was published,由于AS表尽管,所以部分谓语提前了!

  Great as Newton was, many of his ideas ___ today and are being modified3 by the work of scientists of our time.

  A. are to challenge

  B. may be challenged

  C. have been challenged

  D. are challenging

  看题目,前半句为倒装,正常语序为As Newton was great

  由于AS表尽管,所以表语部分提前了

  modify4 修改,修饰 challenge/challenging

  随便处理下题目:他的IDEAS是挑战别人还是被挑战?被!所以排除1,4

  2可能被挑战,C受到了挑战,选3。

  ___, he does get annoyed with her sometimes.

  A. Although much he likes her

  B. As he likes her much



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